Coronary Artery Disease
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TAGS

Biomedical Illustration, Editorial

Coronary Artery Disease

How heart attacks happen (and not just to elderly men)

CLIENT

Dr. Shelley Wall, Dr. John Wong.

COLLABORATORS
LAST UPDATED

December 2018

MEDIA

Photoshop, Illustrator.

FORMAT

Two-page spread in a popular science magazine.


About


Objective


Make an editorial spread that depicts the pathogenesis and clinical consequences of coronary artery disease.


Since CAD is so common, but has been popularly associated with older men, I also aimed to use inclusive language and patient representation in my spread. Special thanks to Colleen Tang Poy for helping me workshop the text.



Target audience


Educated lay audience.




2021 re-render of child asset


Process


1. Preliminary research and concept art



Tissue landscape

Tissue cube study


2. Layout & composition








3. Rendering


​Despite there being numerous readily-available visualizations of CAD and atherosclerosis, most illustrations of the components of fibrous plaques are highly abstracted, and do not show 3D relationships. Using visual references and description, I tried to depict these structures with enough realism and that they could be easily identified and contextualized in 3D space.


Work-up to colour:








4. Final layout & composition




References


Agur, A. M. R., & Dalley, A. F. (2017). Grant’s atlas of anatomy, 14th Ed. Philadelphia: Wolters-Kluwer.


Buja, L. M., & Krueger, G. R. F. (2004). Netter’s illustrated human pathology. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. 29, 50.


Chilton, R. J. (2004). Pathophysiology of Coronary Heart Disease: A Brief Review. JAOA, 104(9), 55–58.


Krstic, R. V. (1991). Human microscopic anatomy. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 48-49.


Maas, A. H. E. M., & Appelman, Y. E. A. (2010). Gender differences in coronary heart disease. Netherlands Heart Journal, 18(12), 598–602. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-010-0841-y


Sakakura, K., Nakano, M., Otsuka, F., Ladich, E., Kolodgie, F. D., & Virmani, R. (2013). Pathophysiology of atherosclerosis plaque progression. Heart Lung and Circulation, 22(6), 399–411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2013.03.001


Statistics Canada. (2018). Leading causes of death, total population, by age group and sex, Canada, annual. Geography: Canada. https://doi.org/10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.38


Suhalim, J. L., Chung, C. Y., Lilledahl, M. B., Lim, R. S., Levi, M., Tromberg, B. J., & Potma, E. O. (2012). Characterization of cholesterol crystals in atherosclerotic plaques using stimulated Raman scattering and second-harmonic generation microscopy. Biophysical Journal, 102(8), 1988–1995. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2012.03.016


University of Ottawa Heart Institute. (n.d.). Coronary Artery Disease (Atherosclerosis). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-2828-1


University of Ottawa Heart Institute. (2017). Acute Coronary Syndrome. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885066613503294


Wang, T., & Butany, J. (2017). Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Diagnostic Histopathology, 23(11), 473–478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mpdhp.2017.11.009

Xu, S., Bendeck, M., & Gotlieb, A. I. (2015). Vascular Pathobiology: Atherosclerosis and Large Vessel Disease. In Cardiovascular Pathology: Fourth Edition. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-420219-1.00003-3